Dec 1947-April 1948
Introduction to Policing British Palestine
ii. Situation Prior to August 1914
iii. WW 1 Protecting the Suez Canal
iv. WW 1 Promise 1
v. WW 1 Promise 2
vi WW 1 Promise 3
vii. WW1 The Conquest of Palestine
ix. 1919 Paris Peace Conference
x. Nebi Mussa Riots
xi. The Heroification of Trumpeldor
xii. St Remo Conference
Side-affects and paradoxes: these were the major factors shaping the histories of both British-administered Palestine and its police force.
The initial phase of British control between 1917 and 1920, known as the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration(OETA), was a side affect of the Allies' middle-eastern military campaigns during WW 1.
The mandate system was created to curb the expansion of British and French colonialism; Britain administered Palestine from its Colonial Office. From 1923-1948 Palestine's official flag. was the Union Jack.
The Palestine Police Force was created in 1920 when civil administration replaced military administration but, for much of its history, the British section of the Palestine police received army training and, when things got out of hand, had the backing of the British military forces.
Britain's stated policy was to integrate the Muslim and Christian Arabs, the Druze, the Jews, the Armenians, the Egyptian Copts of the population of Palestine, the urbanites and the fellaheen into a single independent Palestinian nation. Over the years, however, this overt policy of a unified Palestine morphed into a covert policy of 'divide and rule'. This started as an accidental side effect of the creation of Jewish settlement police in rural areas but, towards the end of the mandate, developed into the deliberate zoning of urban areas in the mixed cities.
For an article explaining more fully the relations between Arabs and Jews in Palestine during the Mandate period this author would recommend the online article: 'Gaza: How We Got Here ... The Deep Cause of War' by Professor William R. Polk
Since some knowledge of Palestine history between 1914 and 1920 is needed to understand the problems the Palestine Police Force faced from 1920 onwards, the first section of this history starts just before WW 1 breaks out. The other sections focus on the the Mandate Era.